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Colosseum is one of the most interesting ancient ruins in Rome, also as its internal structure was exposed as it decayed. It was built in 72 AD by Vespasian on the newly-drained site of an artificial lake in the grounds of Nero’s Domus Aurea, or Golden House.  Shows taking place there involved gladiator: slaves or prisoners fighting each other, including all sorts of wild animals, with swords, nets and tridents. Several bloody deaths were guaranteed at every performance. If you climb to the top of the Colosseum and look down to the centre of the building, you can see a maze of passages, originally underground, through which the animals were funneled on their way into the arena. You can also see the scale of the building – it held 55, 000 people and the emperor had his own box at the south end of the stadium. The cross at the edge of the arena was erected in honor of the many Christians believed to have been fed to the lions here. However, gladiatorial combats were banned in the early fifth century, and the Colosseum fell into disuse a century later, after wild animal fights stopped attracting in the crowds. The Colosseum underwent a massive facelift in 2000.

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