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Key country data

Capital: Paris
Area: 644 k km2
Population: 65.6 mln
Languages: French
Currency: European euro (EUR)
Voltage: 230V/50Hz, Plug type C/E
Time zone: UTC+1
Political system: Semi-presidential system
Main religions:Roman Catholic, Protestant


France is the largest cuntry in Western Europe and the third-largest in Europe as a whole. France has its key ideals illustrated in the 18th-century Declaration of the Rights of Man end of Citizen. The medieval Kingdom of France  resulted out of the western part of Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire, known as West Francia, and accomplished growing prominence under the rule of the House of Capet, founded by Hugh Capet in 987. A succession crisis succeeding the death of the last Capetian monarch in 1337 led to the  sequences of conflicts known as the Hundred Years' War between the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet. The wars ended with a Valois victory in 1453, supporting the power of the Ancien Régime as a highly centralized absolute monarchy. During the next ages, France experienced the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation, and recurring religious conflicts and wars with other powers. A burgeoning worldwide colonial empire was established from the 16th century. From the 17th to the early 20th century, France built the second-largest colonial empire of the time ruling large parts of first North America and India and then Northwest and Central Africa, Madagascar, Indochina, southeast China, and many Pacyfic  and  Caribbean Islands. Nowadays, France as the one of the most advanced countries in the world is a leader among European nations. Among NATO members, France is second only to the United States in terms of troops deployed abroad. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary ruler system resistive to the instabilities experienced in earlier parliamentary administrations.


Find more about French food: iWorldFlavors French Food

Find here typical French recipes: iWorldFlavors French Recipes

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